a. Nominal ellipsis The grammar of nominal ellipsis permits the omission of head nouns in a nominal group. propose to view ellipsis as extreme phonological reduction, op-tionally silencing intonationally marked (“deaccented”) material. than directly in the meaning. Constraints on Clausal Ellipsis are Pragmatic, Not Syntactic References Chomsky, N & Lasnik, H. 1993. an exceptive conjunction followed by a clause that has been reduced via ellipsis. (1)NP ellipsis:John's sister criticized him and Bill's (sister) did the same thing. In J Jacobs et … (3)Sluicing: Joe was murdered but we don't know how (he was murdered). clausal ellipsis must look like. KW - Condition C reconstruction. 2 Two Views of Ellipsis Chomsky & Lasnik (1993:564f.) This paper argues that the meaning of a clausal ellipsis site can only be recovered from a syntactically derived question, regardless of whether this question is explicitly uttered or is merely pragmatically inferred.This entails that the meaning of a clausal ellipsis site cannot be recovered from an inferred question q in a language L if q is syntactically ill-formed in L. According to Halliday and Hasan (1976: 143), ellipsis can be regarded as substitution by zero. A number of strands of evidence point to an underlying clausal source. The fact that contrastive focus saves otherwise deviant clausal ellipsis constructions is shown by comparing the a- and b-examples in (43) and (44). Ellipsis can occur as nominal, verbal and clausal. An ellipsis is when material is left out of a reproduction of a text or a speech.The term ellipsis is also used to refer to the series of periods that takes the place of the material that has been omitted from a text.. An ellipsis is typically punctuated by spacing out three periods-after the last word of the included text, there is a space, then three periods separated by a space. For example, John laughed, and Mary did, too—a case of VP Ellipsis—, includes the pro-form did. Generally speak-ing, ellipses seem to group at the clausal, predicate, and nominal level, yielding clausal ellipsis, predicate ellipsis, and nominal ellipsis, respec-tively. The null (Ø) is usually used to signal ellipsis. It is divided into three kinds, namely nominal ellipsis, verbal ellipsis, and clausal ellipsis. KW - Island-repair I did (know that VPs can be elided as well). Second, multiple exceptions are allowed, (5). focus on clausal ellipsis only, ignoring other, typologically more restricted types of incomplete-ness, such as VP-ellipsis, pseudogapping, etc. The fact that contrastive focus only saves otherwise deviant clausal ellipsis constructions if nothing but the subapposition survives ellipsis … Abstract. KW - Island. There are many other types of ellipsis. The theory of principles and parameters. If we instead assume that movement out of an island is grammatical if the island is properly contained inside a clausal ellipsis site, then positing a complete island structure inside the ellipsis site can explain all the properties of these crucial examples. See the following example: When the principal asked if the matron had seen the three indisposed girls, she First, the full clause may be spelled out, (4). KW - Clausal ellipsis. In section 2, we provide a brief back-ground on clausal ellipsis and the relevance of case-matching to the phenomenon. Nor do we account for recasts of clausal coordinations as coordi-nate NPs (e.g., changing John likes skating and Peter likes skiing into John and Peter like skating and skiing, respectively). formedness condition on ellipsis, one that commonly goes by the name of licensing, to the effect that not every phrase is elidable. 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