Schonberg, Harold, C. The Lives of the Great Composers. 6-Claude Debussy's ?tudes: Livres I & II for solo Piano. These pieces sound like the auditory hallucinations of a person drifting off to sleep. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The gentle “Clair de lune” provides an elegant contrast to the suite’s sprightly second and fourth movements. Although Debussy’s works showed the influence of Jules Massenet, Massenet concluded, “He is an enigma.”. Turner, the finest creator of mysterious effects in all the world of art.” The opposing side argues that Debussy may have been reacting to unfavorable criticism at the time, and the negativity that critics associated with Impressionism; it could therefore be argued that he would have been pleased with application of the current definition of Impressionism to his music. The painting style of Monet was marked by subject matter expressed with vague suggestion rather than precise representation. Glittering passages and webs of figurations which distract from occasional absence of tonality; Frequent use of parallel chords which are “in essence not harmonies at all, but rather ‘chordal melodies’, enriched unisons,” described by some writers as non-functional harmonies; Use of the whole-tone and pentatonic scale; Unprepared modulations, “without any harmonic bridge.”. She and her husband, Parisian civil servant Henri, gave Debussy emotional and professional support. 3rd Ed. He didn’t set out to write Impressionist music (as we’ve established, he hated that comparison) – rather, he was just interested in pushing boundaries and exploring new sounds. Life and Music Claude Debussy was born on the 22nd August 1862 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. He was madeChevalier of the Legion of Honour in his native France in 1903. Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was one of the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is regarded as the founder of musical … Claude Debussy (born Achille-Claude Debussy) was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1871 he drew the attention of Marie Mauté de Fleurville, who claimed to have been a pupil of Frédéric Chopin. Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel were the two most important and influential French composers of the early 20th century. Debussy is among the most important of all French composers, and a central figure in European music of the turn of the 20th century. The grand Romantics -- Camille Saint-Saens, Antonin Dvorak, Giacomo Puccini and Guiseppe Verdi -- … Despite von Meck’s closeness to Tchaikovsky, the Russian master appears to have had minimal effect on Debussy. 2-Claude Debussy's The Little Shepherd? In June 1885, Debussy wrote of his desire to follow his own way, saying, “I am sure the Institute would not approve, for, naturally it regards the path which it ordains as the only right one. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. According to letters to Marie-Blanche Vasnier, perhaps in part designed to gain her sympathy, he found the artistic atmosphere stifling, the company boorish, the food bad, and the monastic quarters “abominable.” Neither did he delight in Italian opera, as he found the operas of Donizetti andVerdi not to his taste. 36 Lewin ("Parallel Voice-Leading," 59) cites "a traditional view that parallel voice-leading was for Debussy a method of elaborating monophonic ideas, the extra voices being added for acoustic coloration or for poetic effect of some sort [including] 'Oriental.'" Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The style he championed became known as the impressionist style. The result is piano music designed to be diaphanous, vague, and sensual. One of the towering figures of impressionism in music, though he did not approve of that term being applied to his music, is Claude Debussy. In a letter of 1908 he wrote: “I am trying to do ‘something different’ — an effect of reality . 1, and the Allegro de concert. His themes and motifs are fragmented and often based upon modes, pentatonic, and whole tone scales. He incorporated gamelan scales, melodies, rhythms, and ensemble textures into some of his compositions, most notably Pagodes from his piano collection Estampes. I am too enamoured of my freedom, too fond of my own ideas!”, Debussy finally composed four pieces that were sent to the Academy: the symphonic ode Zuleima (based on a text by Heinrich Heine); the orchestral piece Printemps; the cantata La damoiselle élue (1887–1888) (which was criticized by the Academy as “bizarre,” although it was the first piece in which the stylistic features of Debussy’s later style began to emerge); and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, which was heavily based on César Franck’s music and therefore eventually withdrawn by Debussy. Debussy was argumentative and experimental from the outset, although clearly talented. Almost all Debussy’s music featured a descriptive title that hammered away at this sensual component. 24"Linda Cummins, Chiasma, Vol. Frequent use of parallel chords which are “in essence not harmonies at all, but rat… Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated withImpressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. They contain hints of Debussy's developing musical style, being one of the very early impressionistic pieces of music. Students of music history can differentiate Debussy from the rest of the Romantic composers by noting his apathy towards Beethoven. Period names like 20th-century, Modern, and Impressionist can be confusing, so it is best to have some music-history-timeline software running on your brain. A month later Tchaikovsky wrote back to her: “It is a very pretty piece, but it is much too short. Claire de la Lune, which means “light of the moon,” is one such example, but there are many others (“Claire de la Lune” para 4). He also became a lifelong friend of fellow student and distinguished pianist Isidor Philipp. A child prodigy and difficult personality, his innovations are seen as the beginnings of modernism in music. Debussy’s music was this way, too. ( Log Out /  Thanks, man. Claude Debussy (1862–1918) was a 20th-century French composer and one of the most prominent figures working within the field of impressionist music. Debussy was a gifted pianist and an intrepid musical explorer. Suite bergamasque. Figure 3.Chords, featuring chromatically altered sevenths and ninths and progressing unconventionally, explored by Debussy in a “celebrated conversation at the piano with his teacher Ernest Guiraud”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Debussy. The pieces he played in public at this time included sonata movements by Beethoven, Schumann andWeber, and Chopin’s Ballade No. The first movement is called Nuages, which means “clouds,” the second movement is called Fetes, which means “festivals,” and the third movement is called Sirenes, which means “sirens.”. Claude Debussy is arguably among the most influential figures in the world of symphonic music, and more specifically in composition of string quartets. 25"Roberts, Images, 243. 21st-century (2000-present) (“Art music” sidebar 1), , comes from an 1872 oil painting by Claude Monet (1840-1926) called. They shared similar backgrounds and influences as both resided in Paris during an epoch of rich cultural confluence. One example of this is the orchestral suite called, Trois Nocturnes, which is translated as “Three Nocturnes.”, This piece has three movements featuring descriptive titles that are meant to capture the central impression of each. His father, Manuel-Achille Debussy, owned a china shop there; his mother, Victorine Manoury Debussy, was a seamstress. Early life Achille Claude Debussy was born on August 22, 1862, in St-Germain-en-Laye, France. This designation, which was first applied to painters of the same era, refers to the evoking of a mood using harmony and tone color. Change ). He was madeChevalier of the Legion of Honour in his native France in 1903. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 8 April 2016. The Norton/Grove Concise Encyclopedia of Music. Like Georges Bizet, he was a brilliant pianist and an outstanding sight reader, who could have had a professional career had he so wished. But there is no help for it! is part of a collection of piano pieces composed in 1890 (but not finalized until 1905) known as the, refers to an Italian folk dance, and the word. A greater influence was Debussy’s close friendship with Marie-Blanche Vasnier, a singer he met when he began working as an accompanist to earn some money, embarking on an eight-year affair together. This is a complete list of compositions by Claude Debussy initially categorized by genre, and sorted within each genre by "CD" [citation needed] number according to the 2001 revised catalogue by musicologist François Lesure, which is generally in chronological order of composition date. 2, a movement from the Piano Concerto No. , represents the perfect distillation of the Impressionist style. One side argues that the term is a misnomer, an inappropriate label which Debussy himself opposed. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Debussy’s music is noted for its sensory content and frequent usage of atonality. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer beauty often obscures their technical innovation. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer beauty often obscures their technical innovation. The first movement, Nuages, represents the perfect distillation of the Impressionist style. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures working within the field of impressionist music, though he himself intensely disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Debussy much preferred the light touch and subtle tone of Chopin over the blunt touch and thundering tone of Beethoven. Similarly, what are the characteristics of Claude Debussy music? Debussy’s unusual temperament, style, and talent earned him many detractors. The Academy chided him for “courting the unusual” and hoped for something better from the gifted student. Regardless of this, his music garnered many devotees, and he is usually considered the greatest French composer. The French composer (writer and arranger of music) Claude Debussy developed a strongly individual style and went against the methods of classical composing by using uncommon arrangements that created a new language of sound. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 9 April 2016. The rest is a lot of humbug invented by frigid imbeciles riding on the backs of the Masters… (Schonberg 456). Listen to this music and imagine the world just a little bit out of focus. In September 1880 she sent Debussy’s Danse bohémienne for Tchaikovsky’s perusal. You can summarize Debussy as follows: he was a French composer who wrote unusual music using unusual techniques. Claude-Achille Debussy (1862 - 1918 ) was a French composer. One example of this is the orchestral suite called, , which is translated as “Three Nocturnes.”, This piece has three movements featuring descriptive titles that are meant to capture the central impression of each. The composer liberality of style and his nature of drawing from the environment which he found attractive enhanced his uniqueness. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1997. Henri Vasnier introduced him to the writings of influential French writers of the time, which gave rise to his first songs, settings of poems by Paul Verlaine (the son-in-law of his former teacher Mme. Perhaps you’ll get the impression of some clouds drifting by. Claude Debussy. Debussy’s rejection of “frigid imbeciles” is best characterized by his piano music. Thematic or harmonic development, in the form of a musical argument ruthlessly pursued, demands a firmer, less ambiguous harmonic structure, and it was no doubt for this reason that Debussy particularly distrusted musical development as a method of composition. . Norton/Grove. This course explores the unique style and aesthetics of French composer Claude Debussy; his personal and professional connection to leading artists such as Degas, Renoir or Cézanne and their influence on his music. Music that emphasized these types of sounds became common during the 20th-century, and Debussy can be considered a 20th-century composer. Claude-Achille Debussy(22 August 1862–25 March 1918) was a French composer. In 1880, Tchaikovsky commented on one of Debussy's early pieces: "It is a very pretty piece, but it is much too short. The second on Debussy's Arabesques is faster, brighter and more lively. Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862–25 March 1918) was a French composer. $18.90 / extrait du - excerpt from Série I Vol. $4.00 / extrait du - excerpt from Série I Vol. During his visits to Bayreuth in 1888–9, Debussy was exposed to Wagnerian opera, which would have a lasting impact on his work. (Achille) Claude Debussy (French: ... With early influences including Russian and Far Eastern music, Debussy developed his own style of harmony and orchestral colouring, derided – and unsuccessfully resisted – by much of the musical establishment of the day. Debussy, like many young musicians of the time, responded positively to Richard Wagner’s sensuousness, mastery of form, and striking harmonies. Clair de lune, (French: Moonlight) the third segment in Suite bergamasque, a four-movement composition for piano by French composer Claude Debussy, begun in 1890 and revised and published in 1905. During the summers of 1880, 1881, and 1882, Debussy accompanied Nadezhda von Meck, the wealthy patroness of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, as she travelled with her family in Europe. (1862-1918) was a French composer of the late Romantic period and early Modern period. Debussy was born Achille-Claude Debussy (he later reversed his forenames) on 22 August 1862 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, the oldest of five children. . All All Free sheet music Sheet music books Digital sheet music Musical equipment My account (login) Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 8 April 2016. Werbefrei streamen oder als CD und MP3 kaufen bei Amazon.de. There are four pieces in this collection: Debussy managed to map his dreamy piano thoughts onto the orchestra, and the results of his efforts sound like nothing previously heard on Earth. ( Log Out /  what the imbeciles call ‘impressionism’, a term which is as poorly used as possible, particularly by the critics, since they do not hesitate to apply it to [J.M.W.] It is made up of colors and rhythms. The word bergamasque refers to an Italian folk dance, and the word suite means a collection of musical pieces meant to be played in succession. ( Log Out /  Label: Musical Heritage Society - OR D-132 • Series: Orpheus Series - ORD 132 • Format: Vinyl LP, Stereo • Country: US • Genre: Classical • Style: Impressionist Claude Debussy – Jörg Demus - Complete Piano Music Volume II (1970, Vinyl) | Discogs He felt that a pianist should, “penetrate into the notes,” and that the piano should sound like an “instrument without hammers” (Schonberg 462). Other songs of the period, notably the settings of Verlaine—Ariettes oubliées, Trois mélodies, and Fêtes galantes—are all in a more capricious style. Wagner’s extroverted emotionalism was not to be Debussy’s way, but the German composer’s influence is evident in La damoiselle élue and the 1889 piece Cinq poèmes de Charles Baudelaire. Listen to this music and imagine the world just a little bit out of focus. Consequently, he didn’t have many friends. Debussy was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and his use of non-traditional scales and chromaticism influenced many composers who foll… The family moved to Paris in 1867, but in 1870 Debussy’s pregnant mother fled with Claude to his paternal aunt’s home in Cannes to escape the Franco-Prussian War. Claude Debussy: Funny Classical Period Lined Notebook Writing Journal Composer Musician, Inspirational Saying Unique Special Birthday Gift Idea Personalized Style | Classy Splendid Retro, Eli Teen Motivation Gifts | ISBN: 9798619292527 | Kostenloser Versand … Claude-Achille Debussy was a French composer. Claude Debussy (1862-1918) was a French composer of the late Romantic period and early Modern period. Debussy always believed her, although there is no independent evidence to support her claim. Discover releases, reviews, credits, songs, and more about Claude Debussy - Great Men Of Music at Discogs. “Claire de la Lune.” The Free Encyclopedia. Remember, nearly all the Romantics considered Beethoven to be the undisputed king of the universe. "L" numbers are also given from Lesure's original 1977 catalogue. Debussy was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and his use of non-traditional scales and chromaticism influenced many composers who followed. Claude-Achille Debussy (French: [klod aʃil dəbysi]; 22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. means a collection of musical pieces meant to be played in succession. Yeah, he was great at setting a dreamy mood. He was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in his native France in 1903. Debussy achieved this by using the damper pedal with significant effect and by eschewing nearly all the rules of harmony. Complete your Claude Debussy collection. Debussy, however, had this to say about him, “I became finally and completely convinced that Beethoven definitely wrote badly for the piano” (Schonberg 462). New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1994. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Debussy was just as influenced by other art forms as he was by music, if not more so. After Debussy’s death, many pianists sought Philipp’s advice on playing Debussy’s works. Is much too short he found attractive enhanced his uniqueness struggling to afloat... Rigid teaching of the Impressionist style and by eschewing nearly all the Romantics considered to. Are commenting using your Twitter account, 2-3. marked by subject matter expressed with vague rather. 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