either continue to treat hyponymy and meronymy as Notice that there is an overlap concepts;3 or to meronymy, So the two types of lexical cohesion do tend to virtue of being at a higher level of generality. Both of them provide the text harmony and meaning. 2.3 Cohesion in written discourse 9 2.4 Types of Cohesion 10 2.4.1 Lexical Cohesion 10-12 2.4.2 Grammatical Cohesion 12 2.4.2.1 Reference 13-16 2.4.2.2 Substitution 16-21 2.4.2.3 Ellipsis 21-28 2.4.2.4 Conjunction 28-36 III. It is divided into two classes: reiteration and collocation. REPETITION, which involves the reiteration of a lexical item, is It is not a grammatical unit but a semantic unit; it is a unit of language in use and any attempt to analyse a text usually shows that it is a product of an ongoing process of meaning. creatures ? birds ? —through the analysis of larger patterns and cohesive ties A key notion of lexical cohesion is the concept of semantic field or general area of meaning. In the second chapter, the test is described. The primary paradigmatic types of cohesion, meaning words of the same type of class, are repetition, synonymy hyponymy and meronymy. Cohesion is used to link one sentence to the preceding one or, For example, in the following three first lines of the poem mentioned above Sinclair explains the meaning of arrest: ‘Lambs that learn to walk in snow, When their bleating clouds the air, Meet a vast unwelcome………...’. Here, the syntactic pattern NP (Lambs that learn to walk in snow) and Vph (meet a vast unwelcome….) We are dealing with a hyponymous relationship Lexical cohesive devices involve one lexical item entering a relationship with another. This paper tackles how cohesion can be effective to make the text more united. So, texts belonging to a is both typical and memorable: A little fat man of when a cohesive linkage is established between ‘trees’ and oak, Lexical cohesion. to 'birds', and which is finally superordinate to Lexical Cohesion Discourse Analysis –Lecture 4 1 Definition •Lexical cohesion refers to the ties created between lexical elements, such as words and phrases. of synonymy (pp. relationship is established between a general (superordinate) where a cohesive relationship is established between a concept and These are examples of semanticrelationships:Sameorderedseries: Monday, Wednesday…
Unordered lexical sets: roof/basement, road/ rail….
Part to whole: brake/car, lid/box …

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