The Sea Harrier performs over the water at Toronto, Canada 2013 This is the Sea Harrier , known as the “SHAR.” It is a single-engine, single-seat Vertical, Short, Takeoff and Landing (VSTOL) fighter, designed specifically for service with the British Royal Navy and operations aboard ship. In both cases the pilots were completely out of their depth with conventional flight, navigation, orientation and weapons delivery at the high speeds of a fast jet. [10] Following the cancellation of the NBMR-3 requirement, HSA focused all its attention on the British joint requirement. The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter. The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed. This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 20:40. Vertical take-off aircraft like the Harrier and F-35B use vertical take-off to achieve one strategic goal: allowing pilots to support Marines from ships or forward landing areas that cannot support planes conducting conventional takeoffs and landings. The new aircraft was called Sea Harrier, and was identified as Sea Harrier FRS1. [2] Sea Harrier FA2 is distinguished from FRS1 in the conical shape containing radar, the main wing was fitted with dogtooth to eliminate air vortex on the wing. On 18 April 1969, the Harrier GR.1 officially entered service with the RAF when the Harrier Conversion Unit at RAF Wittering received its first aircraft. [50][51] However, at the end of November 2011, Defence Minister Peter Luff announced the sale of the final 72 Harriers to the US Marine Corps, with the aircraft to be used as sources of spare parts for the Marine Corps' airworthy fleet. [28] This model was also operated by several other NATO countries, including Spain and Italy. Both the AV-8B Harrier and the F-35 Lightning II can take off vertically with a small load of fuel and weapons. Rolls-Royce Bristol Pegasus, engine of the vertical takeoff Harrier, in the Bristol Industrial Museum, England. To do this vector your nozzles to an appropriate angle (85-92% on the harrier, 100% on the Yak-38), then increase thrust until the aircraft begins climbing (avoid using WEP if you can as you only have a limited supply of it). [38] The short-takeoff procedure involves proceeding with a normal takeoff and then rotating the nozzles partially downwards (a thrust vector less than 90°) at a speed below the normal takeoff speed; usually this is done at about 65 knots (120 km/h). Crescent Books, 1986. [13] During 1964, the first of these had commenced flight operations; the Kestrel was assessed by the multinational "Tri-partite Evaluation Squadron", which consisted of British, US and German pilots, to determine how VTOL aircraft could be operated; the evaluations were finalised in November 1965. But what made the aircraft, which features in our 'Top 10 RAF Warplanes' list, so revolutionary and iconic?. The Harrier works around a single powerful engine with four rotatable nozzles, which enable the aircraft to work from anywhere in the world, from aircraft carriers to airfields, to open country with very little room to manouver. On October 17 1982, a pair of Sea Harriers from 809 Naval Air Squadron roared off the pitching flight deck of HMS Illustrious, in the South Atlantic Ocean, and accelerated away from the … The swivelling nozzles are pointed vertically downwards (thrust vector 90°) and the throttle is pushed to its maximum stop, at which point the aircraft leaves the ground. The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed. However, during this era, few companies envisioned that a VTOL aircraft could also be compatible with the characteristics of high performance military aircraft. The Blue Fox can operate in both air-to-air and air-to-ground mode, the information collected is displayed on the screen placed in the cockpit. In most cases, a short take off is needed to lift the required amount of fuel and weapons needed for a training sortie/mission, using forward speed to supplement the jet lift with aerodynamic lift. The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical-landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft, a development of the Hawker Siddeley Harrier. The ARI.18233 warning antenna has been replaced by the Marconi Sky Guardian electronic warfare system. It was found during these tests that a Harrier carrying a 10,000-pound load could take off at half the speed and use less than one-third the distance needed when operating from a flat deck. [59], Starting in 2007, Spain was looking to replace its Harrier IIs – with the likely option being the F-35B. The Sea Harriers shot down 20 enemy aircraft during the conflict; 2 Sea Harriers were lost to enemy ground fire. NBMR.3 also attracted ten other contenders, among which was P.1154's principal competitor, the Dassault Mirage IIIV. After the Falklands War, a Mid-Life Update in the 1990s gave it a new lease of life as a formidable Beyond Visual Range interceptor. [21][22] The Sea Harrier was also procured by the Indian Navy, where the first Indian Sea Harriers entered squadron service during December 1983. The cockpit in the Sea Harrier includes a conventional centre stick arrangement and left-hand throttle. Hawker developed a version of the Harrier for the Navy, based on the Royal Air Force Harrier GR.1. #BlackLotusUP At the heart of the Harrier's vertical takeoff and landing capability was the Rolls-Royce Pegasus turbofan engine and a series of four vectored-thrust nozzles able to pivot through 110 degrees. British Sea Harrier Last appearing in 2012, the renowned British Sea Harrier, a vertical takeoff and landing aircraft, will perform at this year’s show. For any VTOL design, weight is a critical consideration. The Sea Harrier FRS1 has 5 hard points and unlike the Royal Air Force, the aircraft carries AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles like the US AV-8A. Force Harrier GR.1 was adapted for use from aircraft carriers air Force Harrier GR.1 to %! And improved cockpit displays without requiring large and vulnerable air bases Pegasus, engine of the NBMR-3 requirement, focused... 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